Dry stone masonry retaining walls (DSRWs) are made of rubble stones assembled without mortar. This vernacular technique has allowed the building of an enormous amount of structures all around the world. Today, the maintenance of this heritage faces the lack of design standards while many sites have been classified in the World Heritage list and therefore represent strong cultural assets.
This manuscript relies on several previous works and summarises all the findings by proposing an adequate design strategy that complies with both Eurocode 7 and 8. It then conducts an analysis of the seismic design codes of the whole of Europe to give general recommendations (order of magnitudes) for the static and seismic designs of DSRWs. Finally, it opens the discussion about the main factors that influence the stability of DSRWs, with the aim of optimising their shapes.
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